Alexander Moncrieff, schoolmaster, and the Houton estate

Moncrieff is one of the more unusual surnames in my family tree. Unusual for Orkney that is. The name links to Houton, formerly a small estate in the parish of Orphir, Orkney. Map (name spelled Houston)

Moncrieff origins

I’d never investigated where the Moncrieffs came from but last year I had a client whose ancestry contained a schoolmaster in Orkney. This jogged a memory that I too had a forebear who was a teacher, in the parish of Harray, Orkney. Initial research showed that Alexander Moncrieff, my x6 great grandfather was the first SSPCK (Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge) schoolmaster in Harray, working there from 1712 until 1727. One source suggests he may have been of the Culfargie line in Perthshire but, as it does not mention at all that he was a schoolmaster, this may well not be reliable.

Alexander and the SSPCK

As the SSPCK was formed in 1709, he was one of their first teachers so, by good fortune, there is quite a lot about him in a recent Ph.D on the early years of the organisation. When he first applied to work with the Society his arithmetic was not good enough it seems but he put that right. He was a Gaelic speaker and, due to his language skills, the Society wanted to move him to Gairloch in 1714 but he made the case for remaining in Harray. Nonetheless, the Society still gave him the salary supplement for those in Gaelic parishes. An attempt to poach him for a new school in South Ronaldsay was also unsuccessful. From other sources, it appears that he had been to university, possibly St Andrews though this theory needs further research.

Marriage and the link to Houton

On 30 June 1715 Alexander married Katharin Spence in the parish of Birsay but she must have died for on 28 August 1718 he married Christian Halcro of Houton. Christian’s father Robert was dead by this time and her brother Robert, cautioner or guarantor for her marriage, died around 1725 when the estate passed to her.

Houth, home of the Moncrieffs of Houton

Houth, home of the Moncrieffs of Houton

She died in 1729 leaving Alexander with five children. One son, Robert, became laird of Houton though he was never served heir; a Thomas Moncrieff, described as factor of the Houton estate in the baptism record of  Alexander (Orphir, 1757) may be another son. There are no baptism records for Harray before 1766 and though those of Orphir start in 1708, I have not found the other three children so far.

After Harray

In 1733 Alexander moved to Raining’s School, Inverness and remained there until 1748. From a 1733 list of SSPCK schools and schoolmasters, he had an assistant there so it the appointment would have been a promotion of sorts. One of my questions is what happened to his children? Did they remain in Orkney? If so, with whom?

So far, apart from OPRs and estate records, I’ve used secondary sources (see below). My next steps are to explore some of the SSPCK records for myself, check Orkney sasines and retours for information on the Halcro to Moncrieff succession, see what else can be found on Alexander’s life before Harray and after Inverness. If he was a teacher by 1712, he is likely to have been born no later than the mid 1690s. His entry in AS Cowper’s very useful book (see below) states that he was “superannuated” so his death would be 1748 or later.

What of Houton?

There’s a very persistent family story that a young woman from the Moncrieff line was tricked into signing away “our” rights to Houton. I’ve not so far established the truth of this. Williamina Moncrieff (Mrs John Groundwater) my great great grandmother brought up her large family at Scorridale, with one of the finest views in Orkney and some of the poorest land on the estate. In the late 1880s and 1890s, and probably earlier, though there are no estate records, she received an annual payment of £12 from the Houton estate. Meantime her husband was often in arrears with the rent. Her descendants sigh over what might have been.

Isabella Hiddleston, née Sands, bequeathed the estate to the Indigent Gentlewomen’s Society when she died in 1889. She was the widow of Hector, great grandson of Alexander, and later of Robert Hiddleston, minister of Orphir, 1846-1875. Isabella had no children though Hector had two illegitimate daughters, both of whom received allowances from the Houton estate.

Sources

  • Factory accounts of Estate of Houton, Orphir 1889-1900. Macrae & Robertson Solicitors, Kirkwall. D34/V/51. Orkney Archive, Kirkwall.
  • Orkney OPRs
  • Cowper, AS (1997) SSPCK schoolmasters 1709-1872. Edinburgh: Scottish Record Society
  • Decennial indexes to the Services of heirs in Scotland (1999). Edinburgh: Scottish Genealogy Society
  • Clouston, J Storer (1914 ) Records of the Earldom of Orkney. Edinburgh: Scottish History Society
  • Gray, Nathan P (2011) ‘A publick benefite to the nation’: the charitable and religious origins of the SSPCK, 1690 -1715. University of Glasgow: Ph.D thesis
  • Seton, George (1890) House of Moncrieff  Edinburgh: Private publication

 

Valuation rolls – how valuable?

Valuation rolls give you: a description and location for the house or property, the name of the proprietor (owner), the name of the tenant and/or occupier and the yearly rent or value. Doesn’t sound very exciting? Read on…

I was researching someone last week and what I found in the valuation rolls changed the picture of him that I was beginning to build up. Firstly, I found that he owned his house, the adjoining smithy and he had “two small tenants” (their rent was too low for them to be listed individually).  Secondly, his occupation was different from that stated in most censuses and his death registration.  (The occupier’s occupation was frequently but not always included.) Thirdly, looking at the properties nearby, I have probably identified a brother. And that was only one year’s entry. Looking on ten years, someone else appeared to be managing the property for my person and he was no longer living there himself. I then found him as tenant and occupier of a house in another parish, the parish where he died, so the loose ends were beginning to come together. All that from one line in each of two valuation rolls.

Valuation rolls can be a great way of tracking your ancestors in between censuses but you will generally need to have a fairly good idea of where they were living. Only the main owner, tenant or occupier will normally be listed, not the whole household. The digitised versions make searching easier but if you are looking for a common name, it may be hard to identify your ancestor definitely.

The valuation rolls at ten year intervals from 1875-1925, plus 1920, are available online on the ScotlandsPeople website. Update: 1855, 1865 and 1930 Valuation rolls are now online too. You can search rolls for other years in the Historical Search Room at the National Records of Scotland in Edinburgh.  Local archives or the main library may have microfilm copies of some or all of the rolls for their area. More about valuation rolls and how they were compiled

Oh and one other thing, the address of the man managing my person’s property was “Turkish Baths”. 1865, Scotland. I had to find out more…